Building your new home can be both exiting and tedious. You have to understand the process works and overcome the difficulties & hassles while building your dream home. Keep in mind that the home building process vary from region to region and builder to builder. You should be careful about Considering that you already own the piece of land in residential zone and with all the necessary documents, The following is a step to step guide for your house construction step by step.
The Pre-Construction Stage
1. Get Your House Designed:
The best way to design your house is to hire an Architect or a Construction Company who provide end-to-end services. Architects usually understand the guidelines for building construction laid down by the local authorities. They design the building as per the local regulations.
Apart from the local regulations, Architects will also consider the following details to design the house based on your inputs.
- Design Living spaces as per your requirement (i.e, number of bedrooms required, Sizes of Bedroom, Kitchen, Living room & Special Function Rooms)
- Ventilation (Windows and doors to improve efficiency)
- Water Drainage
2. Submit Plans For Government Approval (Local Authorities):
Once the plans are created, submit the plans with the local authorities for approval. The local authority depends on based on the location you choose to construct your building. For municipalities, you should submit to Town planning department and for villages, you need to submit in Village Panchayat. You need to pay an amount of the area you are constructing for approval. Get approvals on all the plans before construction.
3. Get Structural, Plumbing & Electrical Drawings Prepared:
Consult a Structural Consultant and an MEP (Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing) engineer and get the said drawing prepared. Most of the times individual home owners don’t go for Structural designs. This is a problem because of 2 reasons:
- Most of the times, Contractors over design structures wasting construction materials. A proper design would optimize the material consumption based on your need.
2. Designs are made based on user inputs while contractors work on thumb rules. So if you have plans for future expansion, a designer can give you the best solution according to your need
4. Get Estimation for Construction:
Once you are done with the drawing approvals, you need to contact construction contractors who can construct the building as per the drawing. Be careful about the quotes you receive. Although Civil Engineering is a basic science, there are a lot of materials, brands & techniques available in the market due to which construction cost might vary.
5. Select The Right Construction Materials:
There are umpteen construction materials and brands available in the market. Selecting a right material is one of the most hectic tasks. Each of these materials has its own advantages and disadvantages. These materials widely vary in cost also. So choosing the right material might be quite difficult sometimes.
Take an expert advice for buying the right materials. Explain them your requirement and budget so that they can suggest the right materials. You can also optimize the cost of construction up to 10% by buying right materials.
The Construction Stage
1. Site clearing
The designated land area meant for constructing a particular building is known as a ‘site.’ In situations where the piece of land has been abandoned for a long time, it’s likely to have trees, weeds, and debris on the land. The first thing to do here is to get rid of such items that might obstruct construction. On a large piece of land that cannot be cleared using crude implements, you can hire companies.
The foundation is the lowermost part of the building where the building meets the soil. It constitutes part of the building’s invisible structure. There’s no underestimating the importance of erecting a solid foundation for a building.
It is the most crucial part of building structure because the other parts of the building rely on the foundation’s strength to hold. If the foundation is weak, it will collapse someday no matter the quality and quantity of materials used to erect the building.Construction engineers understand this aspect. Hence, they put in their best effort in terms of material and human resources to ensure that the foundation is strengthened to the peak.
3. Plinth beam and slab ( house construction step by step )
Upon successfully constructing the foundation, another reinforcement known as the “plinth beam and slab” is added to the top. The purpose of reinforcing the foundation with the plinth beam and slab is to protect the foundation from dampness and prevent its cracks from reaching the wall. It will help the foundation to remain strong in the event of an earthquake.
A superstructure provides support for the beam and slab. Members of the superstructure include the column designed to strengthen the load mounted upon the building’s foundation. The columns are constructed up to the slab level and frame for further construction. A waterproof coating is added to stop water from entering the slab and casting.
This is where the visible portion of the building is constructed. Depending on the owner’s choice, different kinds of blocks or bricks can erect the building walls. Materials such as concrete blocks and fly ash bricks are used according to the structure laid down by the architect in the building plan.
The cement mortar mixer is used to mix cement and sand used to hold the bricks together as they are arranged by the masonry. The structure of the windows and doors are carved out by the masonry when erecting the building wall.
6. The Lintel ( house construction step by step )
After erecting your wall, the lintel is built on top of the wall. Like the plinth beam and slab, a lintel is a beam placed across door and window openings. It is used as a support for the load of the structure placed above it.
7. Roof coating
The load that the lintel supports is the roofing structure. Roof refers to the framing of the uppermost layer of the house to shape covering, protection from harsh weather, and decoration and beautification.
The building is taking shape at this level, and you can tell what dimension the building will look like. Different types of roofing materials can add decoration to your home.
8. Electrical and plumbing
Modern homes have their wires and pipes hidden away from sight. This is because they were installed at this stage of building construction and hidden between the walls and slabs; only the endpoint of the pipes and sockets are visible.
9. Exterior and interior finishing
Plastering work commences after electrical and plumbing work has been completed. A mixture of cement and sand is used to plaster the exterior part of the building. It is coated with a thickness of 13 mm and sometimes about 20 mm thickness.
Plastering can make the building structurally strong, protect it from the effect of weather, and make it look attractive. The interior design is done by experts according to the procedure laid by the architect.
At this point, the building construction is coming to an end. Flooring works begin after the exterior and interior décor is completed. There are various types of flooring according to their uses, economy, and required level of finishing. Ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles, clay tiles, granite, marble, wood, and epoxy flooring are some of the best options.
This is the final work on a building. Painting is used to beautify the building and protect is from the effects of water and sun.
Latex paints are highly water-resistant. Hence, they are favorites for painting the exterior wall of homes. For decoration, a perfect mixture of different colors while painting can magnify the beauty of a building.
Conclusion of the house construction step by step
Constructing a building is a large-scale and lifetime investment. This is why the real estate business is one of the most significant investments ever. The demand for housing will continue to increase as the population of a given area increases. Therefore, it is crucial to meet this demand with an equilibrium amount of supply of housing facilities.
This guide has provided an insight into what it takes to building / house construction step by step. Whether it’s a home, office, company, event and tourist center, or shopping mall, most buildings pass through the construction processes mentioned in this article.